The Definition of Trafficking in Persons
“[T]he recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat, use of force or other means of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the receiving or giving of payment⋅⋅⋅ to a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”
(Article 3 of the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime)
IOM Counter-Trafficking Activities
IOM’s global counter-trafficking activities are geared toward the prevention of trafficking in persons, particularly women and children, and the protection of migrant’s rights. These activities include:
- Carrying out information campaigns;
- Conducting research;
- Providing safe and dignified return and reintegration assistance to victims;
- Helping governments to improve their legal systems and technical capacities.
All of these activities are developed and implemented within a framework centred on the concern for the well-being of the victim.
IOM Ireland Counter Trafficking & Activities and Training
Technical cooperation has involved the training of government officials, law enforcement officers and other stakeholders which has contributed to the increased capacity of governments to effectively tackle criminal organizations and grant better protection to victims of trafficking. IOM also develops partnerships with and builds the capacity of NGOs.
Training of Irish Police Force/Gardai
The Irish police force An Garda Síochána holds continual professional assessment 3 day training courses for members of the force on a bi- or tri- annual basis. IOM supported the Garda National Immigration Bureau in the design of this 3 day training and our workbook on identification is used as the main training tool. We also coordinated and chaired the second day of the training in addition to presenting on IOM AVR services to victims of trafficking.
Train the Trainers Programme
In 2008 IOM Ireland developed a training manual on behalf of the Irish Dept. of Justice Anti-Human Trafficking Unit. The in-depth manual includes a DVD of PowerPoint slides, videos and exercise materials for trainers to be able to deliver varying trainings within their organizations. The development of the manual was followed up with the delivery of train-the-trainer sessions to promote the roll-out of the use of the materials
In 2010, IOM Ireland created an addendum of updates to the manual to cover changes in law and procedures. At this time a facilitator’s guide was also developed to make it easier for trainers to use the manual. The facilitator’s guide outlines specific timed lesson plans to cover short or long awareness-raising sessions. The manual is available for download in pdf format from the Irish government Blue Blindfold website www.blueblindfold.gov.ie
IOM Ireland has received very positive feedback on this manual. IOM Ireland also uses these materials when carrying out ad-hoc awareness raising trainings at the request of external organizations.
To report any information or suspicions anonymously email firstname.lastname@example.org or call Crime stoppers on 1800 25 0025.
IOM Ireland also provides, in accordance with national legislation, voluntary and dignified return assistance to victims of trafficking. Such assistance includes flexible reintegration packages through counseling, as well as educational and vocational training to help establish income-generating activities in the countries of origin. Returnees are monitored with a view to improving services through further research initiatives, advocacy, information and evaluation.
IOM offers, in certain countries of origin and of destination, immediate protection in reception centres in collaboration with its partners. Healthcare facilities also are part of the rehabilitation centres, providing psychological support as well as general and specialised health services
IOM International Counter Trafficking Training and Resources
IOM conducts both quantitative and qualitative research as an essential information source to improve its – and others – fight against human trafficking. Specific areas of focus have included human trafficking routes and trends, the causes and consequences of human trafficking both for the individual trafficked person and for society as well as the structures, motivations, and modi operandi of organised criminal groups. While much of this work has been done at national level, IOM increasingly collects and analyses data on human trafficking from a regional perspective to better support cooperation between states to combat cross-border trade. To support these efforts, IOM carries out considerable research in the areas of legislation and policy.